P       RNCU   REPO   ODER       E            P O S T M O D E R N
P  TMOD RNCU  U EP S  ODER  ULTU E               C U L T U R E
P  TMODERNCU  UREPOS  ODER  ULTU E          an electronic journal
P  TMODERNCU  UREPOS  ODER       E           of interdisciplinary
Volume 13, Number 2 (January, 2003)              ISSN: 1053-1920

Editors:                            Lisa Brawley
                                    James F. English

Editors Emeritus:                   Eyal Amiran
                                    Stuart Moulthrop
                                    John Unsworth

Review Editor:                      Paula Geyh

Managing Editor:                    Claire Chantell

Research Assistants:                Elizabeth Bridgham 
                			    Samara Landers 
            		            Michael Lundbland 

Editorial Board:                                           

     Nahum Chandler                 Patrick O'Donnell
     Heesok Chang                   Elaine Orr
     Ashley Dawson                  Bob Perelman
     J. Yellowlees Douglas          Marjorie Perloff
     Johanna Drucker                Fred Pfeil
     Diane Gromala                  Peggy Phelan
     Graham Hammill                 Arkady Plotnitsky
     Terry Harpold                  Judith Roof
     David Herman                   Susan Schultz
     Marcia Ian                     William Spanos
     Michael Joyce                  Katie Stewart
     Matthew Kirschenbaum           Allucquere Roseanne Stone
     Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett  Gary Lee Stonum
     Neil Larsen                    Rei Terada 
     Brian Massumi                  Darren Tofts
     Jerome McGann                  Paul Trembath
     Adrian Miles                   Greg Ulmer
     Jim Morrison
     Larysa Mykyta                                          
    Eugene Thacker, Bioinformatics and Bio-logics
    Saul Newman, Stirner and Foucault: Toward a Post-Kantian 
    Zafer Aracagök, Whatever Image
    Meyda Yegenoglu, Liberal Multiculturalism and the Ethics 
    of Hospitality in the Age of Globalization
    Darren Tofts, "The World Will Be Tlon": Mapping the 
    Fantastic onto the Virtual
    Piotr Gwiazda, Modernism Old or New? A review of Marjorie 
    Perloff, _21st-Century Modernism: The "New" Poetics_. 
    Malden: Blackwell, 2002.
    Sandy Baldwin, A Poem Is a Machine to Think With: Digital 
    Poetry and the Paradox of Innovation. A review of Loss 
    Pequeno Glazier, _Digital Poetics: The Making of 
    E-Poetries_. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2002.
    Char Roone Miller, Zizek's Second Coming. A review of 
    Slavoj Zizek, _On Belief_. London and New York: Routledge, 
    Rekha Rosha, Accelerating Beyond the Horizon. A review of 
    Paul Virilio, _A Landscape of Events_. Trans. Julie Rose. 
    Cambridge: MIT P, 2000.
    Susan Laxton, Good Place and No Place. A review of 
    Catherine de Zegher and Mark Wigley, eds., _The Activist 
    Drawing: Retracing Situationist Architectures from 
    Constant's New Babylon to Beyond_. New York: The Drawing 
    Center, and Cambridge, Mass.: MIT P, 2001.
                      Notices (WWW Version Only)
                      Notes on Contributors
    Zafer Aracagok, Whatever Image
        o Abstract: This essay can be seen as an attempt to 
    foreground a new approach to representation with an outcome 
    of a new concept, "whatever image." This is undertaken by 
    going through Benjamin's handling of image via Leibniz in 
    the prologoue of "German Tragic Drama" where he problematizes 
    epistomolgy's claim to truth by introducing his idea of 
    constellations and thus opens up the question of a rigid, 
    bounded image of the world to an immanence; Adorno's 
    theories in "Negative Dialectics", concerning the image as 
    the third term, as a screen, between subject and object, by 
    way of which he introduces the question of "the resurrection 
    of flesh" as far as the perception of the world in the form 
    of images is concerned; and Giorgio Agamben's concept of 
    "whatever" in "The Coming Community" by means of which I 
    attempt to introduce a "whateverness" to the concept of 
    image which aims to open the question of image to 
    "experience through flesh."--za 
    Saul Newman, Stirner and Foucault: Towards a 
    Post-Kantian Freedom
        o Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore and 
    to develop a post-Kantian concept of freedom--that is, a 
    notion of freedom that is not circumscribed by the 
    categorical imperative or determined by pre-ordained 
    rational and moral coordinates. The paper attempts this 
    through an exploration of Max Stirner's and Michel Foucault's 
    reflections on freedom. Both thinkers, while not usually 
    discussed together, share a similar critique of essentialist 
    identities and universal rational and moral structures, and 
    the relations of domination and exclusion that flow from 
    them. Broadly speaking, both thinkers see the classical 
    Kantian idea of freedom as redundant, as it is dependent 
    upon fixed rational and moral postulates that restrict 
    individual autonomy. They reconceptualize freedom in ways 
    that increase the power the individual exercises over him 
    or herself. Moreover, they recognize that, rather than 
    freedom being an abstract, metaphysical ideal removed from 
    the world of power, it is in fact situated in relations of 
    power and must be understood in these terms. Stirner, as we 
    shall see, dispenses with the classical notion of freedom 
    altogether and develops a theory of ownness to describe this 
    radical individual autonomy. I suggest that such a theory of 
    ownness can provide a more positive grounding for Foucault's 
    own idea of freedom as involving a critical ethos and an 
    aesthetics of the self. By examining the subtle connections 
    between these thinkers on the question of freedom, it is 
    possible to arrive at a "postmodern" understanding of 
    freedom that goes beyond the Kantian parameters laid down 
    for it. --sm 
    Eugene Thacker, Bioinformatics and Bio-logics
        o Abstract: Combining approaches from media studies and 
    science studies, this essay explores the relationship 
    between genetic and computer "codes" through a consideration 
    of the burgeoning field of "bioinformatics"--the development 
    and application of computer technologies to life science 
    research. Bioinformatics ranges in its use from online 
    genomic and proteomic databases to the use of software for 
    gene discovery and protein folding analysis. It is linked to 
    the software industry, governmental-corporate life science 
    research, and application in "in silico biology," medical 
    genetic diagnostics, and database management. As a direct 
    intersection of computer science and molecular biology, 
    bioinformatics promises to transform the study of biological 
    life into computation, where particular gene-protein 
    interactions and even entire cells can be informatically 
    understood through the use of computer technology. This 
    essay provides a critical analysis of several bioinformatics 
    systems, such as BLAST (a standard genome analysis tool). 
    Focusing on the ways in which bioinformatics software 
    contextualizes biological materiality, the essay argues that 
    bioinformatics is a practice of "biomedia," or the informatic 
    recontextualization of biological components and processes. 
    Bioinformatics thus privileges an informatic approach to the 
    body, while evincing a deep investment in the ways in which 
    biological materiality can be technically enhanced; the body 
    becomes a technology, but a technology geared towards the 
    production of a biotechnical body.--et 
    Darren Tofts, "The World Will Be Tlön": Mapping 
    the Fantastic on to the Virtual
        o Abstract: This essay revisits one of the key texts of 
    the fantastic, Jorge Luis Borges's classic 1940 short 
    fiction, "Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius." Borges's short 
    parable of an entirely simulated, fictitious world has 
    become one of the key texts of postmodernism, a touchstone 
    in our understanding of the blurry lines of demarcation 
    between reality and its copies. But it also has much to 
    teach us about our current preoccupation with the creation 
    of virtual worlds in the digital age. To this end, the paper 
    will discuss the capacity of the digital to create virtual 
    worlds that, like the fabulatory world of Tlö'n, are 
    excessive, "too real." In our contemporary virtual culture, 
    the troubling question at the heart of Borges' fiction is 
    still as urgent--do we need reality any more? The essay also 
    examines the uncanny cultural fallout of the virtual in 
    terms of the publication of a literary hoax by Australian 
    journalist Guy Rundle. Rundle's piece, ostensibly a homage 
    to the power of Borges' writing to convince us of the 
    reality of the unreal, concerned a purported but little 
    known journey Borges took to Melbourne in 1938. In pursuing 
    Borges's imaginary footsteps, a peculiar and unsettling 
    reality starts to emerge. --dt 
    Meyda Yegenoglu, Liberal Multiculturalism and the Ethics 
    of Hospitality in the Age of Globalization
        o Abstract: This article problematizes the liberal 
    imperative to tolerate and respect cultural difference 
    under globalization and suggests that it is far from 
    displacing the sovereignty of the host society in question. 
    By making a detour through Derrida's reading of the aporias 
    of conditional hospitality, it suggests that codified 
    multiculturalist tolerance (a form of conditional 
    hospitality) enables the subject to appropriate a universal 
    and sovereign place from which the other is welcomed. 
    Regulating the destabilizing force of the political by 
    enabling a disavowed and inverted self-referentiality of 
    racist hospitality, conditional hospitality entails the 
    repudiation, limitation, or foreclosure of politics proper. 
    To reformulate the problematic of multiculturalism in 
    ethical terms, it follows Derrida's reading of unconditional 
    hospitality which involves an intentional attention to the 
    other which entails an "interruption of the self by the self 
    as other." To rethink the relationship between conditional 
    and unconditional hospitality in political terms, it 
    examines the limitations and congealments conditional 
    hospitality imposes on politics proper. By articulating 
    Antonio Negri's concepts of constituent and constitutive  
    power it establishes parallelism between constituted power 
    and conditional hospitality. Locating the possibility for a 
    democratic politics in the ethical opening unconditional 
    hospitality will bring about, it suggests that such an 
    opening can function to uphold the creative force of 
    constituent power. Further, in resisting 
    constitutionalization, unconditional hospitality can open up 
    the irreducible nature of the political as well as the 
    possibility of an ethical being where the otherness of the 
    foreigner is recognized. This can be seen as the opposite of 
    the foreclosure of the "right to have rights" or democratic 
    politics that is managed by conditional hospitality. --my 
Copyright (c) 2003 Postmodern Culture & Johns Hopkins University

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